What is this book called the Bible? It is a collection of books written by 40 different men over a period of 1,600 years (from about 1,500 B.C. to A.D. 100). These men did not write down their own wisdom or knowledge for others to learn. They were inspired by God to write the words they did.
Another verse tells us that:
Although these words were written down by men, the author of the message is God. The Bible reveals the truths that mankind needs to know. Because of the importance of the Bible's contents, God gave us warnings to make sure that we do not change the meaning of His revelation to us. Part of God's law which Moses delivered to Israel stated:
It is important to know exactly what the Bible teaches; otherwise, we will not be able to know the will of God or be able to please Him. God will only reward those who have loved Him and done His will.
In today's world there are many gods; the question comes to mind: "What god are you talking about?" The apostle Paul faced this question 2,000 years ago when he came to the city of Athens. The city was "given over to idols" (Acts 17:16). Paul was preaching about Jesus (who is the subject of lesson two in this series). But since this teaching was strange to their ears, the people asked Paul to explain further.
The God of the Bible is not a local deity, or one among many; He is the God of the universe, the One who made all that you see on the earth and in the heavens. In fact, the very first verse of the very first book of the Bible declares this truth.
That same first chapter of Genesis reveals to us that God is plural. Not only do we read about the Spirit of God (Genesis 1:2), but we also read, "Let Us make man in Our image" (Genesis 1:26). In fact, there are three who share the essence of Deity: the Father, the Word (Jesus in the New Testament), and the Holy Spirit. These three are one.
The Bible also tells us that God is not like man. We are flesh and blood outwardly (our spirit residing within), but "God is Spirit" (John 4:24). Since we, the creation, are on a different level from God, our Creator, we may never fully understand His nature while we live in these physical bodies, but we can know His character and His will--because these things He has revealed to us in the Bible.
What is the Bible?
The Bible is divided into parts. The Old Testament and the New Testament are the two main divisions. There are 39 Old Testament books and 27 New Testament books, making a total of 66 in all.
The Old Testament books were written from about 1,500 B.C. to 400 B.C. and are further divided into four main groups. The first group consists of five books written by Moses, called the Law. Genesis, the first of these, describes the creation of this world and provides a summary of important events during the first 2,000 years of man's existence, including a worldwide flood, which destroyed all but eight people.
After the flood man again rebelled against God; so He chose one man, Abraham, for a special purpose. His descendants (who came to be known as the nation of Israel) became God's special people. God gave his holy law to them through Moses. And they had the privilege of being the nation through whom Jesus would be born into this world. Jesus is the One who came to pay the price for our sins, so that we might have the opportunity to be forgiven of them.
As the book of Genesis closes, God's people are living in the land of Egypt. In Exodus we find that the Israelites have been made slaves; God sends Moses to free them. God then gives them His law and the way He wants them to worship (Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy).
The next twelve Old Testament books (Joshua through Esther) record the history of the nation of Israel during the next one thousand years. Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, and Song of Solomon, are described as "wisdom" literature. They are poetic in nature, consisting of songs, drama, and proverbs. The final seventeen books are written by the prophets who lived and taught during that thousand year period of history.
The New Testament focuses our attention on Jesus, who came to redeem us from our sins. His earthly life is the subject of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. These books contain the account of His virgin birth, His teachings, His death on the cross for our sins, His burial in a tomb, and His resurrection from the dead.
The book of Acts begins with the good news being preached to mankind--that Jesus has saved us from our sins. Forgiveness is available! Furthermore, God puts all of those who are saved into the church, a body of believers, over which Jesus is the Head.
Romans through Jude explain the Christian system, including how we are to worship and serve God until the Second Coming of Christ, when this world ends and all are judged according to their works. The book of Revelation is prophetic; it assures us all that God cares for and rewards His faithful children despite the trials that we face in this life. All New Testament books were written between A.D. 40 and A.D. 100.
LESSON #1: INTRODUCTION TO THE BIBLE